Engagement in Les Brown Speechs Enough Is Enough: Appraisal Analysis

Eminently Ziliwu, Nurlela Nurlela, Alemina br Perangin-angin


This study aims to analyse the appraisal system focusing on the engagement used in Les Brown Speechs Enough Is Enough. Engagement as source of attitude reflects agree or disagree on someones statements. In terms of this study, there were two research questions must be responded, namely (1) to find out the type of engagement found in Les Brown speechs enough is enough, and (2) to explain how the engagement realized in Les Brown speechs enough is enough. The qualitative approach and interpretative was used in revealing related to the application of engagement by the speaker. The findings of the study found there were monoglossic 45 (18,90%) and heteroglossic 193 (81,10%) which consist of contraction: disclaim 103 (43,27%), proclaim 51 (21,43%) and expansion: entertain 38 (15,97%), attribute 1 (0,42%). The speaker was dominant used contraction in heteroglossic system to show that the speaker wants to convey propositions and proposals that contain definite and firm meaning to motivate the listeners. In conclusion, the most dominant type which found in disclaim namely deny is used to give command to the listeners not to do something in vain.


Appraisal, Engagement, Heteroglossic, Monoglossic, Motivator, Speech

Full Text:



Bloor, Thomas & Bloor, Merier. 2001. The Functional Analysis of English: A Hallidayan Approach. London: Edward Arnold

Bungin, B. 2005. Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Jakarta: Prenada Media

Cohen, L., Manion, L. and Morrison, K. 2007. Research Methods in Education 6th Edition. London and New York: Routledge

Eggins, Suzanne. 2004. An Introduction to Systemic Functional Linguistics. 2nd Edition. New York, London: Continum

Gerot, L, and P. Wignell. 1994. Making Sense of Functional Grammar. Australia: Gerd Stabler

Halliday, M.A.K and Matthiessen, C.M.I.M. 2004. An Introduction to Functional Grammar. 3rd edition. Great Britain: Hodder Arnold

Halliday, M.A.K and Matthiessen, C.M.I.M. 2014. An Introduction to Functional Grammar. 4rd edition. London: Routledge

Hunston, S and Thompson, G. 1999. Evaluation in Text: Authorial Stance and the Construction of Discourse. New York: Oxford University Press

Mardiana, M. 2018. The Use of Appraisal and Debate Structure in English Debate Competition of Senior High School Students. English Education Journal, 8(3), 103-110.

Martin, J.R & Rose, David. 2007. Working with Discourse: Meaning beyond the clause 2nd ed. Great Britain: Athenaeum Press

Martin, J.R & White P.R.R. 2005. The Language of Evaluation: Appraisal in English. Great Britain: Palgrave Macmillan

Miles, Matthew B. Huberman, A. Michael & Saldana, Jhonny. 2014. Qualitative Data Analysis. California. SAGE Publication, Inc

Pangambam. 2018. Les Brown: Enough is enough! (Full Transcript). The Singju Post. (Retrieved from https://singjupost.com/les-brown-enough-is-enough-full-transcript/ ) (Accessed on 2019)

Read, J., & Carroll, J. 2012. Annotating expressions of appraisal in English. Language resources and evaluation, 46(3), 421-447.

Sinar, Tengku Silvana. 2002. An Introduction to a Systematic Functional Linguistics- Oriented Discourse Analysis. Singapore: DeeZed Consult

Suriyadi. 2015. Apraisal dalam Teks Editorial Surat Kabar di Medan.


  • There are currently no refbacks.